In this session, we will be discussing the consumer medication information for tiagabine, trade name GabitrilTM.

What it’s for & How to take

Tiagabine is an anti-seizure medication. This medication helps restore chemical balance to the brain. Tiagabine is used in combination with other anti-seizure medications to prevent and control various seizure disorders. This medication is usually used as an addition to other medications when seizures have not been completely controlled.

This medication is sometimes used to treat other conditions. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist if you are prescribed this medication to treat something that is not listed here.

Tiagabine is usually taken 2-4 times daily with food. This medication needs to be gradually increased over several weeks. The gradual increase in dosage is done to reduce the side effects.Take your dose at evenly spaced intervals to maintain a constant level of medication in your body.

Continue your other anti-seizure medications while taking tiagabine, unless directed otherwise by your doctor.

Your dose is based on your condition and response to treatment. Do not stop taking this medication without talking with your doctor first. Some conditions may worsen if this medication is stopped quickly.

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of your next dose, skip it and continue with your normal dose time. Do not take a double dose to make up the missed dose.

Warnings & Cautions

  • While taking tiagabine, a small number of people may experience depression or suicidal thoughts. Let your doctor know if you or your family notice any unusual changes in your mood.
  • Infants born to mothers who are taking tiagabine are at risk. This medication should only be used during pregnancy when the benefit to the mother is greater than the risk to the unborn baby. This medication passes into breast milk. Talk with your doctor before breastfeeding while taking tiagabine.
  • This medication may make you dizzy, drowsy, or blur your vision. Do not drive or do any activity that requires focus and attention until you are sure you can do them safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages while taking tiagabine.

Interactions & Side Effects

  • Tell your pharmacist or doctor all your medication allergies so they may determine if tiagabine is safe for you to take.
  • Avoid dangerous drug interactions. Tell your pharmacist or doctor all the other medication you are taking, including over the counter supplements, even if you don’t take them very often.
  • Ask your doctor if this medication is safe to take with your current health conditions. Tell your doctor if you have any history of liver or kidney disease, heart disease, diabetes, or a history of depression or substance abuse.
  • While taking tiagabine, you may feel a decrease in balance, dizzy, irritability, blurred vision, tremor, confusion, or a headache. If these or any other unwanted side effects persist, contact your doctor or pharmacist to talk about it with them.
  • Call your doctor right away if you have any seizures, severe weakness, inability to form sentences, severe confusion, abdominal pain, or any other significant side effects.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you have a significant worsening of your mood or experience any suicidal thoughts.
  • Call emergency 911 if you have any symptoms of a heart attack such as chest and left arm pain, shortness of breath and sweating or if you have symptoms of a stroke such as weakness on one side of your body, slurred speech, sudden vision changes, and confusion.

If you have any questions about what you have heard, contact your pharmacist or doctor. This session does not include all the potential interactions or side effects that this medication may cause. Ask your pharmacist how your medication should be stored and how you should dispose of it when you are done taking it. Do not share your medication with anyone, ever. Remember, this is not meant to replace your counseling session with your pharmacist. In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.

Updated 7/20