In this session, we will be discussing the consumer medication information for fluoxetine, trade name ProzacTM.
What it’s for & How to take
Fluoxetine is used to treat depression. This medication may also be used to treat panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia and severe premenstrual syndrome. If you are using this medication for any reason not listed here, talk about it with your doctor.
Fluoxetine is an antidepressant medication that works by increasing the amount of natural substances in your brain that are needed to help maintain mental balance. This medication may improve your mood, decrease anxiety, help you sleep better, increase your energy levels and may increase your interest in daily living. This medication may also decrease obsessive thoughts, severe irritability, panic attacks, and reduce compulsive, repetitive activities.
Fluoxetine is usually taken once daily in the morning. If this medication upsets your stomach, you may take it with food. Your doctor may have you start this medication at a lower dose and gradually increase the dose based on your tolerance to the side effects and response to treatment.
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time for your next dose, skip it and continue with your normal dose time. Do not take a double dose to make up the missed dose.
During the first week of treatment, you may feel anxious or agitated. Your body is getting used to the effects of the medication. After 7-10 days, your body should be adjusted to the medication. It may take 4-5 weeks before you feel the full benefit of this medication. If your condition is not improving or worsens, contact your doctor.
Do not stop taking this medication without talking to your doctor. If you stop this medication too quickly, you may experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
If you are taking this medication to treat depression, it is recommended that you also make an appointment with a therapist. Talking with a therapist may help you see how this medication is changing how you feel about your environment.
Most Important Warnings
- Studies show this medication may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults. These studies did not show an increase in this risk in patients over age 24.
- In all patients of all ages who are started on this medication, monitor closely for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Advise families and caregivers of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber.
- This medication is not approved for use in children less than seven years of age.
Other Warnings & Cautions
- If you feel any severe dizziness or feel like your heart is racing or beating too fast, get medical help right away.
- When someone under 25 years of age is taking this medication, family members should be aware. Family members can watch for a worsening of depression and mood changes.
- The elderly may be more sensitive to the side effects of this medication, especially the drowsiness, dizziness, and loss of balance.
- Let your pharmacist or doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding before taking this medication. Babies born to mothers who have used fluoxetine during the last three months of pregnancy may develop withdrawal symptoms.
- Fluoxetine passes into breast milk. Breastfeeding is not recommended while taking this medication.
- This medication may make you dizzy, drowsy, or blur your vision. Do not drive or do any activity that requires focus and attention until you are sure you can do them safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages while taking fluoxetine.
Interactions & Side Effects
- Tell your pharmacist or doctor all your medication allergies so they may determine if fluoxetine is safe for you to take.
- Avoid dangerous drug interactions. Tell your pharmacist or doctor all the other medication you are taking, including over the counter supplements, even if you don’t take them very often.
- Ask your doctor if this medication is safe to take with your current health conditions. Tell your doctor if you have a family history of mental disease, heart disease or blood pressure issues, a history of liver or kidney disease, any eye problems, blood clot disorder or a family history of substance abuse.
- While taking fluoxetine, you may feel some nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, anxiety, agitation, insomnia, loss of appetite, sweating and perhaps a change in your sex drive. If these or any other unwanted side effects persist, contact your doctor or pharmacist to talk about it with them.
- Call your doctor right away if you have any fast or uneven heartbeats, severe dizziness, rigid muscles or any seizure activity.
- Seek immediate medical attention if you have a significant worsening of your depression or experience any suicidal thoughts.
If you have any questions about what you have heard, contact your pharmacist or doctor. This session does not include all the potential interactions or side effects that this medication may cause. Ask your pharmacist how to store your medication and how you should dispose of it when you are done taking it. Do not share your medication with anyone, ever. Remember, this is not meant to replace your counseling session with your pharmacist. In the case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.